Through deep sequencing of the model grass green foxtail (Setaria viridis), researchers pinpointed a gene critical for the development of flowers that give rise to the grain. Using this information, a homologous gene in maize was identified as playing a similar role highlighting the utility of S. viridis as a model crop. Read the JGI Science Highlight.
Joint Genome Institute and Duke University researchers utilized a relative of the model plant Arabidopsis to provide the first direct evidence that QTLs, genome regions on chromosomes to which genetic traits can be mapped, are a driving force behind speciation. This research appeared in in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution. Read the JGI Science Highlight.
In Nature, a team led by University of East Anglia scientists conducted a comparative genomic analysis involving three diatoms by tapping expertise from the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI), who conducted all sequencing and annotation. Read more at JGI News.
Coastal seagrass ecosystems cover some 200,000 square kilometers. They account for an estimated 15 percent of carbon fixed in global ocean, and also impact sulfur and nitrogen cycles.As a foundational species in the coastal marine ecosystem, researchers are interested in understanding how the plant—and by extension other plants in the ecosystem—adapts to climate change. Published online January 27, 2016 in Nature – and as the cover of the journal’s February 18, 2016 issue – a European team including researchers from the DOE Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) sequenced a seagrass genome: that of the eelgrass Zostera marina, taken from the Archipelago Sea off Finland. Read more on the JGI website.