A JGI team led by Algal Genomics Program lead Igor Grigoriev and data scientist Alan Kuo have unveiled PhycoCosm in the Nucleic Acids Research journal. The genome portal reinforces the JGI’s new strategic focus on exploring algal biology, diversity, and ecology. Read more here on the JGI website.
Fungi, particularly those found in the digestive tracts of ruminant herbivores such as cattle, sheep, and goats, are very good at overcoming the resistance of plant cell walls to degradation—a major hurdle in the quest to produce sustainable fuels and chemicals from bioenergy feedstocks. Now, an international group of researchers has identified protein scaffolds in anaerobic gut fungi that provide docking sites for various enzymes, keeping them in place so that they can work together more effectively. As reported in the May 26 issue of Nature Microbiology, the structures are analogous to cellulosome complexes in anerobic bacteria, but this is the first time they have been found in fungi.